Sancta Sanctorum

   Located in the Lateran Palace in Rome, the Sancta Sanctorum is a chapel dedicated to St. Lawrence and used by the early popes for personal devotion. The chapel was meant to house a number of religious relics, the most important of which is the true portrait of Christ (the Acheropita) painted by St. Luke the Evangelist. The chapel is accessed through a staircase that originally led to Pilate's house and that Christ climbed to be judged. Called the Scala Sancta, the staircase was brought to Rome from Jerusalem by St. Helena, Constantine the Great's mother. Pilgrims today still climb the stairs on their knees while engaging in prayer. In 1278 a major earthquake destroyed the original chapel, and Nicholas III had it rebuilt and decorated. The new structure has a square plan capped by a crossribbed vault. Porphyry columns separate the apse from the nave and the floor features an elaborate Cosmatesque mosaic. The lower portions of the walls are covered in marble, while the upper parts feature frescoes by unknown artists. The scenes depicted illustrate the lives of the saints whose relics were kept in the chapel, including St. Lawrence. In the 16th century, during the reign of Sixtus V (r. 1585-1590), further decorations were added, mainly to the apse, as well as an inscription that reads "No holier place on earth exists," a reference to the holy relics originally kept in the chapel, some of which have since been moved to St. Peter's.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Sancta sanctorum — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda En la Religión Judía el Sancta Sanctorum, Sancta santórum, Sanctasantórum o El Santo de los Santos o Santísimo (en hebreo kodesh ha kodashim) era el lugar sagrado más importante del tabernáculo y Templo de Salomón,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • sancta sanctorum — / sankta sank tɔrum/ locuz. lat. [che traduce il gr. tà hágia tō̂n hagíōn e l ebr. qōdesh haqŏdā shīm, propr. le cose sante tra le sante ], usata in ital. come s.m., invar. 1. (relig.) [nell Antico Testamento, la parte più interna e sacra del… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • sancta sanctorum — лат. (санкта санкторум) святая святых. Толковый словарь иностранных слов Л. П. Крысина. М: Русский язык, 1998 …   Словарь иностранных слов русского языка

  • SANCTA Sanctorum — Graece τὰ ἅγια τῶ άγιων, vide infra Sanctuarium …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Sancta Sanctorum — Der Lateran bezeichnet einen Bereich in Rom, der seit der Zeit Konstantins I. der offizielle Sitz der Päpste ist. Zum Lateran gehören die antike Patriarchalbasilika San Giovanni in Laterano (auch Lateranbasilika genannt), das dazugehörige antike… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • sancta sanctorum — sànc·ta sanc·tò·rum loc.s.m.inv., lat. 1. TS st.relig. la parte più interna e sacra dell antico tempio di Gerusalemme, in cui era originariamente custodita l arca dell alleanza e a cui soltanto il sommo sacerdote aveva accesso una volta all anno… …   Dizionario italiano

  • sancta sanctorum — {{hw}}{{sancta sanctorum}}{{/hw}}locuz. sost. m. inv. 1 La parte più interna del tempio di Gerusalemme, accessibile soltanto al sommo sacerdote | Tabernacolo sull altare dove si conserva il SS. Sacramento. 2 (fig.) Luogo riservato e accessibile a …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • Sancta sanctorum — Débir Le débir (en hébreu : דביר) ou saint des saints (קודש הקודשים), est la partie la plus centrale du Temple de Jérusalem, sanctuaire de la religion juive dont la construction est attribuée à Salomon, selon la tradition biblique. Il… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • sancta sanctorum — sanc|ta |sanc|to|rum Mot Agut Nom masculí …   Diccionari Català-Català

  • sancta sanctorum — [loc. lat., lett. «parti sante tra le sante»] loc. sost. m. inv. 1. (di tempio) parte intima 2. (eccl.) tabernacolo 3. (fig., anche scherz.) luogo riservato …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

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